Training Schedule
Region -
Audience - GO

Start DateEnd DateTitleLocationParticipant's List

5/18/20155/21/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Awareness
POST approved
Time: 5/18 5 pm start 5/21 5 pm start
Sponsor: MERC
Marion County Ambulance District
Hannibal
N/A

5/18/20155/20/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Operations
POST approved
Time: 5/18 8:30-5:30 5/19 8:30-5:30 5/20 8:30-5:30
Sponsor: MERC
St. Louis Fire Academy
St. Louis
CANCELLED

5/19/20155/26/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Awareness
POST approved
Time: 5/19 6-10pm 5/26 6-10pm
Sponsor: MERC
Central Crossing Fire Protection District
Shell Knob
Participants

5/19/20155/20/2015ICS400 Advanced Incident Command System
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Malden EMA Building
Malden
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

5/19/20155/21/2015Mitigation for Emergency Managers (APS Required Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Boone Co. FPD Headquarters
Columbia
Participants

5/20/20155/20/2015WebEOC Operator Training
Time: 10 am - 3:30 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Ozark Co Health Dept
Gainesville
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

5/22/20155/22/2015Hazmat Awareness and Operations Train the Trainer
POST approved
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
MCC- Blue River College, Public Safety Building, Room 150
Independence
Participants

5/26/20155/26/2015Missouri Faith-Based Organizations Regional Workshop
Time: 1:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Union Hill Church of Christ
Nixa
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

5/27/20155/27/2015SNS Training for Inventory Management
Time: 1-3 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Springfield Greene Co. Library Center
Springfield
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

5/27/20155/27/2015Missouri Faith-Based Organizations Regional Workshop
Time: 1:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Northside Christian Church
Warrensburg
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

5/27/20155/27/2015SNS Training for Inventory Management
Time: 9-11 am
Sponsor: SEMA
Springfield Greene Co. Library Center
Springfield
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

5/28/20155/28/2015WebEOC Operator Training
Time: 10:00 am - 3:30 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Douglas Co EMA
Ava
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

5/28/20155/28/2015WebEOC Train the Trainer (MONG)
Time: 0800 - 1700
Sponsor: SEMA
Ike Skelton Training Center, JOC
Jefferson City
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

5/28/20155/28/2015Missouri Faith-Based Organizations Regional Workshop
Time: 1:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Grace Evangelical Church
St Joseph
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

5/29/20155/31/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Operations
POST approved
Time: 5/29 6-10pm 5/30 8-6pm 5/31 8-6pm
Sponsor: MERC
Marceline Fire Department
Marceline
Participants

6/1/20156/1/2015Missouri Faith-Based Organizations Regional Workshop
Time: 1:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Greentree Christian Church
Rolla
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

6/1/20156/12/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: 80 Hour Technician
POST approved
Time: 8-5 each weekday between 6-1 and 6-12
Sponsor: MERC
St. Charles Fire Station #4
St. Charles
CANCELLED

6/2/20156/2/2015Intelligence Liaison Officer (ILO)
Time: 10 am - 3 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Mark Twain Regional Council of Governments
Perry
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

6/2/20156/3/2015Jurisdictional Threat and Hazard Identification and Risk Assessment (J-THIRA)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Springfield/Greene County Public Safety Center
Springfield
Participants

6/2/20156/2/2015Missouri Faith-Based Organizations Regional Workshop
Time: 1:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Callaway Christian Church
Fulton
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

6/3/20156/6/2015All-Hazards Resources Unit Leader (RESL) Course
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Lincoln University, Inman E. Page Library
Jefferson City
Participants

6/3/20156/3/2015Missouri Faith-Based Organizations Regional Workshop
Time: 1:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Macon First Baptist Church
Macon
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

6/4/20156/4/2015WebEOC Operator Training
Time: 9 am - 1 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Callaway County EOC
Fulton
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

6/5/20156/7/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Operations
POST approved
Time: 6/5 6-10 6/6 8-7 6/7 8-7
Sponsor: MERC
Ozark County Ambulance
Participants

6/9/20156/10/2015EOC Management And Operations (APS Required Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Pulaski County OEM
Waynesville
Participants

6/9/20156/11/2015Multi-Hazard Emergency Planning for Higher Education (APS Elective)
Sponsor: SEMA
Moberly Area Community College - Moberly
Moberly
CANCELLED

6/9/20156/10/2015WebEOC Regional Trainer Program
Time: 6/9: 12:00 pm-4:30 pm; 6/10: 8:00 am-4:30 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
SEMA - EOC
Jefferson City
Participants

6/13/20156/13/2015Handling Propane Gas Emergencies
POST approved
Time: 8am-8pm
Sponsor: MERC
Cedar Hill Fire Protection District House #1
Cedar Hill
Participants

6/15/20156/26/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: 80 Hour Technician
POST approved
Time: 8:30 -5:30 weekdays between 6/15 and 6/26
Sponsor: MERC
St. Louis Fire Academy
St. Louis
Participants

6/16/20156/16/2015Hazmat IQ Training
POST approved
Time: 8:30-5:30
Sponsor: MERC
Eureka Fire Protection District-Training Center
Pacific
Participants

6/16/20156/16/2015WebEOC Operator Training
Time: 8:00 am - 1:30 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Lincoln County Fire Protection District #1
Troy
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

6/16/20156/17/2015MultiHazard Emergency Planning for Schools (APS Elective Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Rolla Public School Board Room
Rolla
Participants

6/16/20156/17/2015Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) Training Course (APS Elective Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Chillicothe Fire Dept Training Room
Chillicothe
Participants

6/16/20156/18/2015ICS300 Intermediate Incident Command System
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Springfield/Greene County Public Safety Center
Springfield
Participants

6/16/20156/16/2015WebEOC Operator Training
Time: 9 am - 2 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Knox County Health Dept
Edina
Participants

6/16/20156/18/2015ICS300 Intermediate Incident Command System
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Truman Hotel
Jefferson City
*Enrollment by Invitation ONLY*
Participants

6/17/20156/18/2015Missouri Disaster Animal Sheltering & Handling (MO-DASH)
Sponsor: SEMA
Humane Society of Missouri (HSMO)
St. Louis
Participants

6/17/20156/17/2015WebEOC Operator Training (MONG)
Time: 0900-1700
Sponsor: SEMA
1107th AV GRP
Springfield
*Enrollment by Invitation ONLY*
Participants

6/18/20156/19/2015Law Enforcement Active Shooter Emergency Response (LASER)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Malcolm Center for Student Life
Marshall
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

6/18/20156/18/2015WebEOC Operator Training (MONG)
Time: 0900-1700
Sponsor: SEMA
1107th AV GRP
Springfield
*Enrollment by Invitation ONLY*
Participants

6/19/20156/19/2015WebEOC Operator Training (MONG)
Time: 0900-1700
Sponsor: SEMA
1107th AV GRP
Springfield
*Enrollment by Invitation ONLY*
Participants

6/20/20156/20/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Awareness
POST approved
Time: 8:30-5:30
Sponsor: MERC
Meta Fire House
Meta
Participants

6/22/20156/22/2015Missouri Faith-Based Organizations Regional Workshop
Time: 1:00 pm-5:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Salem Lutheran Church and School
St Louis
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

6/23/20156/24/2015WEM: Recovery from Disaster: The Local Government Role (APS Required Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
St. Joseph Region H HSRT
St Joseph
Participants

6/23/20156/23/2015Missouri Faith-Based Organizations Regional Workshop
Time: 1:00 pm-4:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Cape County Cowboy Church
Oak Ridge
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

6/24/20156/25/2015 A Coordinated Response to Food Emergencies: Practice and Execution
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Warren County EMA
Warrenton
Participants

6/24/20156/25/2015ICS400 Advanced Incident Command System
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Truman Hotel
Jefferson City
*Enrollment by Invitation ONLY*
Participants

6/24/20156/24/2015Missouri Faith-Based Organizations Regional Workshop
Time: 1:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
First General Baptist Church
Willow Springs
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

6/25/20156/26/2015Basic Supervision
Time: 8 am - 4 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
SEMA - EOC
Jefferson City
*Enrollment by Invitation ONLY*
Participants

6/26/20156/28/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Operations
POST approved
Time: 6/26 6-10pm 6/27 8 am-7pm 6/28 8am-7pm
Sponsor: MERC
West Plains Fire Dept
West Plains
Participants

6/29/20156/30/2015Functional Assessment Support Team (FAST)
Sponsor: SEMA
Best Western Capital Inn
Jefferson City
*Enrollment by Invitation ONLY*
Participants

7/7/20157/7/2015Incident Command Systems (ICS) Forms Review
POST approved
Time: 8:00 am-12:30 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Cole County Emergency Mgt. Bldg.
Jefferson City
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

7/8/20157/9/2015Community Cyber Security Exercise Planning
POST approved
Time: 7/8 - 1:00 pm-5:00 pm; 7/9 - 8:00 am-5:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Howell County EOC
West Plains
Participants

7/8/20157/8/2015Incident Command Systems (ICS) Forms Review
POST approved
Time: 8:00 am - 12:300 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
National Guard Armory - Macon
Macon
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

7/8/20157/8/2015Essentials of Community Cyber Security
POST approved
Time: 8:00 am - 12:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Howell County EOC
West Plains
Participants

7/8/20157/8/2015WebEOC Operator Training
Time: 9 am - 2:30 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Cooper County EOC
Boonville
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

7/9/20157/9/2015ICS/EOC Interface (APS Required Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Laclede County Office of Emergency Management
Lebanon
Participants

7/11/20157/11/2015Hazmat IQ Training
POST approved
Time: 8:30-5:30
Sponsor: MERC
Macon Fire Department
Macon
Participants

7/11/20157/11/2015Hazmat Victim Decon for EMS
Time: 9-5
Sponsor: MERC
Sac Osage Fire Protection District
Osceola
N/A

7/11/20157/11/2015WebEOC Operator Training
Time: 9 am - 2:30 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Cooper County EOC
Boonville
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

7/11/20157/11/2015Handling Propane Gas Emergencies
POST approved
Time: 8 am -8 pm
Sponsor: MERC
Central Crossing Fire Protection District
Shell Knob
N/A

7/14/20157/16/2015Basic Public Information Officer Course (APS Elective Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Boone Co. FPD Headquarters
Columbia
Participants

7/14/20157/14/2015Incident Command Systems (ICS) Forms Review
POST approved
Time: 8:00 am-12:30 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Springfield/Greene County Public Safety Center
Springfield
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

7/15/20157/15/2015Incident Command Systems (ICS) Forms Review
POST approved
Time: 12:00 PM - 4:30 PM
Sponsor: SEMA
Cape Girardeau EOC/Fire Station #3
Cape Girardeau
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

7/20/20157/20/2015Coaching and Difficult Conversations
Time: 8 am - 4 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
SEMA - EOC
Jefferson City
*Enrollment by Invitation ONLY*
Participants

7/21/20157/22/2015Critical Asset Risk Management
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Warren County EMA
Warrenton
Participants

7/21/20157/22/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Awareness
POST approved
Time: 7/21 6-10 7/22 6-10
Sponsor: MERC
Chamois Fire Protection District
Chamois
N/A

7/23/20157/23/2015Management of Spontaneous Volunteers in Disasters
Sponsor: SEMA
Macon
Participants

7/23/20157/23/2015Incident Response to Terrorist Bombings (IRTB) Operations
POST approved
Time: 8:00 am - 12:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Barnes Learning Center
St Louis
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

7/23/20157/23/2015Incident Response to Terrorist Bombings (IRTB) Operations
POST approved
Time: 1:00 pm - 5:00 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Barnes Learning Center
St Louis
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

7/28/20157/30/2015Mitigation for Emergency Managers (APS Required Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Greene County Public Safety Center
Springfield
Participants

7/31/20157/31/2015Hazmat Awareness and Operations Train the Trainer
POST approved
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Springfield/Greene County Public Safety Center
Springfield
Participants

8/1/20158/1/2015Hazmat IQ Training
POST approved
Time: 8:30-5:30
Sponsor: MERC
Southern Boone County FD Training Center
Ashland
Participants

8/1/20158/1/2015Hazmat Victim Decon for EMS
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Macon Fire Department
Macon
Participants

8/3/20158/14/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: 80 Hour Technician
POST approved
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Boone County FPD Training Center
Columbia
Participants

8/4/20158/4/2015Mass Fatalities Planning and Response for Rural Communities
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Chillicothe Fire Dept Training Room
Chillicothe
Participants

8/4/20158/6/2015All-Hazards Division/Group Supervisor (DIVS) Course
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Springfield/Greene County Public Safety Center
Springfield
Participants

8/5/20158/6/2015Disaster Management for Public Services
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Freeman Health Center Conference Center
Joplin
Participants

8/6/20158/6/2015WebEOC Operator Training
Time: 9 am - 2:30 pm
Sponsor: SEMA
Callaway County EOC
Fulton
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

8/6/20158/6/2015Disaster Mental Health and Psychological First Aid Workshop
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Cape Girardeau County Public Health Center - Conf Room B
Cape Girardeau
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

8/8/20158/8/2015Pipeline Emergencies
POST approved
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Johnson Co. Fire Protection District
Warrensburg
Participants

8/10/20158/11/2015ICS400 Advanced Incident Command System
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Springfield/Greene County Public Safety Center
Springfield
Participants

8/11/20158/12/2015Community Mass Care and Emergency Assistance (APS Elective Course)
Sponsor: SEMA
Hannibal
Participants

8/11/20158/12/2015Mass Prophylaxis Preparedness and Planning
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Warren County Emergency Management Agency
Warrenton
Participants

8/11/20158/13/2015ICS300 Intermediate Incident Command System
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Joplin Public Safety Training Center
Joplin
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

8/15/20158/15/2015Ignitable Liquids Ethanol Blended Fuels
Time: 8 am -4:30 pm
Sponsor: MERC
Poet Refining
Laddonia
N/A

8/15/20158/15/2015FEMA Local Damage Assessment
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Central Jackson County Fire Training Center
Blue Springs
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

8/18/20158/20/2015EOC Emergency Operations for All-Hazards Events
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Springfield/Greene County Public Safety Center
Springfield
Participants

8/20/20158/21/2015ICS400 Advanced Incident Command System
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Joplin Public Safety Training Center
Joplin
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

8/22/20158/22/2015Ignitable Liquids Ethanol Blended Fuels
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Ozark County Ambulance
Participants

8/25/20158/26/2015Hazardous Materials Technician Refresher Training
POST approved
Time: 8/25 6-10pm 8/26 6-10pm
Sponsor: MERC
Western Taney County Fire District
Branson
N/A

8/25/20158/27/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Awareness
POST approved
Time: 8/25 6-10pm 8/27 6-10pm
Sponsor: MERC
Hillsboro Fire Protection
Hillsboro
N/A

8/25/20158/26/2015Hazardous Materials Technician Refresher Training
POST approved
Time: 8/25 6-10pm 8/26 6-10pm
Sponsor: MERC
Western Taney County Fire District
Branson
Participants

8/26/20158/27/2015Local Volunteer and Donations Management (APS Elective Course)
Sponsor: SEMA
Fire Station #3 Lower Level
Cape Girardeau
Participants

8/27/20158/27/2015Disaster Mental Health and Psychological First Aid Workshop
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Howell County EOC
West Plains
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

8/28/20159/27/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: 80 Hour Technician
POST approved
Time: 8/28 6-10pm, 8/29 8am-6pm, 8/30 12pm-6pm, 9/11 6pm-10pm, 9/12 8am-6pm, 9/13 12pm-6pm, 9/18 6pm-10pm, 9/19 8am-6pm, 9/20 12pm-6pm, 9/25 6pm-10pm, 9/26 8am-6pm, 9/27 12pm-6pm
Sponsor: MERC
Cole County Emergency Mgt. Bldg.
Jefferson City
N/A

8/29/20158/29/2015Ignitable Liquids and Class B Foams
POST approved
Time: 8-8
Sponsor: MERC
Kirksville Fire Department
Kirksville
N/A

8/29/20158/29/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Awareness
POST approved
Time: 8-6
Sponsor: MERC
Johnson Co. Fire Protection District
Warrensburg
Participants

8/29/20158/29/2015Hazmat Victim Decon for EMS
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Dade County EOC
Greenfield
N/A

9/1/20159/2/2015Pediatric Disaster Response and Emergency Preparedness
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Jefferson City Police Dept
Jefferson City
Participants

9/1/20159/3/2015ICS300 Intermediate Incident Command System
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Chillicothe Fire Dept Training Room
Chillicothe
Participants

9/8/20159/13/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Operations
POST approved
Time: 9/8 6-10 9/10 6-10 9/12 8-6 9/13 8-6
Sponsor: MERC
Hillsboro Fire Protection
Hillsboro
N/A

9/10/20159/10/2015Emergency Operations Plans for Rural Jurisdictions
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Sikeston Dept of Public Safety
Sikeston
Participants

9/11/20159/12/2015Handling Propane Gas Emergencies
POST approved
Time: 9/11 6-10 9/12 8am-4:30pm
Sponsor: MERC
Sac Osage Fire Protection District
Osceola
Participants

9/12/20159/12/2015Hazmat IQ Training
POST approved
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Jefferson County HazMat Bldg
Herculaneum
Participants

9/12/20159/12/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Awareness
POST approved
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Jadwin Volunteer Fire Department
Jadwin
Participants

9/12/20159/12/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Awareness
POST approved
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Cassville Fire Protection District
Cassville
Participants

9/15/20159/16/2015EOC Management And Operations (APS Required Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Kirksville
Participants

9/15/20159/17/2015Law Enforcement Active Shooter Emergency Response, Train the Trainer
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
West Plains Civic Center
West Plains
Participants

9/17/20159/22/2015Hazardous Materials Incident Response: Awareness
POST approved
Time: 9-17 6-10 9-22 6-10
Sponsor: MERC
Cole County FPD Station 4 Training Room
Jefferson City
Participants

9/22/20159/23/2015Homeland Security Exercise and Evaluation Program (HSEEP) Training Course (APS Elective Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Jefferson City Police Dept
Jefferson City
Participants

9/23/20159/24/2015Mass Prophylaxis Preparedness and Planning
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Freeman Health Center Conference Center
Joplin
Participants

9/26/20159/26/2015Hazmat Victim Decon for EMS
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Kirksville Fire Department
Kirksville
Participants

9/29/20159/29/2015Ignitable Liquids Ethanol Blended Fuels
Time: 8-5
Sponsor: MERC
Hickory County Fire Rescue Base
Wheatland
N/A

9/29/20159/29/2015Rail Car Incident Response
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Eugene E. Northern Community Hall
Rolla
Participants

10/6/201510/7/2015All-Hazards Liaison Officer (LOFR) Course
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Region H HSRT Building
St. Joseph
Participants

10/6/201510/7/2015Local Volunteer and Donations Management (APS Elective Course)
Sponsor: SEMA
American Red Cross of Eastern MO
Creve Coeur
*LOCAL ONLY offering*
Participants

10/7/201510/8/2015Community Mass Care and Emergency Assistance (APS Elective Course)
Sponsor: SEMA
Fire Station #3 Lower Level
Cape Girardeau
Participants

10/14/201510/15/2015ICS400 Advanced Incident Command System
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Chillicothe Fire Dept Training Room
Chillicothe
Participants

10/20/201510/22/2015Basic Public Information Officer Course (APS Elective Course)
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Raytown Fire Protection District
Raytown
Participants

11/3/201511/5/2015EOC Emergency Operations for All-Hazards Events
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Jefferson City Police Dept
Jefferson City
Participants

12/2/201512/3/2015Critical Asset Risk Management
POST approved
Sponsor: SEMA
Springfield/Greene County Public Safety Center
Springfield
Participants

Acronyms:
TBD To Be Determined
PDS Professional Development Series
APSAdvanced Professional Series
IOInvitation Only
POSTPeace Officer Standards and Training Certification offered
T-t-TTrain-the-Trainer
LOCAL ONLY OfferingParticipants within 50 mile radius of course location only.